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Long-tailed shrub topacolo

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The fashion for expressive lines, shapes and original inflorescences affects not only garden annuals and perennials, but also larger plants - shrubs and trees. One of the brightest stars of modern design - not yet very popular in our country, but famous in the West - amorphous. An amazing shrub and semi-shrub, capable of reaching several meters in height, but at the same time remaining airy and surprisingly graphic, conquers not only with its lace crown and symmetrical feathery leaves. The amorphous bloom, crowning the bushes with unusual spikelets of small flowers in the first half of summer, stands out against the background of other horticultural crops. But they love amorphous for other qualities - undemandingness and endurance.

Amorph (Amorpha). © Eric Hunt

Luxurious leaves and protruding amorphous inflorescences

Amorphous talents are not limited to decorative qualities. The plant is actively used in medicine, its medicinal properties make it possible to include the shrub in the list of the most valuable industrial species. But still, it is the beauty of this amazing garden giant that sets it apart from the usual garden plants and provides the amorpha with a brilliant career as a major soloist and one of the basic shrubs for modern design.

The height of 0ni is limited to 2 meters. All beauties from the genus Amorpha have a dense, dense, spreading crown. Long leaves of the pinnate type seem to be perfectly symmetrical, forming a patterned, ornamental and elegant crown. Amorpha brings modern orderliness and beauty of details to any composition, but at the same time it remains not massive, but airy light. Amorphous foliage is very pleasant to the touch, it seems silky-velvety, when rubbed, it exudes essential oils.

The amorphous bloom is more than unusual. It begins in the first half of summer. Small flowers are collected in elongated, dense inflorescences. The amorphous color palette ranges from red to purple and violet, but thanks to the bracts, the inflorescences always appear dark. The protruding ears seem to add boldness to a beautiful crown, bring notes of playfulness. In place of the flowers, small non-opening fruit beans are tied, which stay on the bushes until spring, decorating the garden.

Amorphs begin their development, vegetating only from mid-May. They play a prominent role on the garden scene until October. Flowering begins in July, at the beginning or middle of the month for all amorphs and lasts from 3 to 4 weeks.

Shrub amorph (Amorpha fruticosa). © Kristine Paulus

Types and varieties of amorphous

The genus amorph unites 15 species of shrubs and semi-shrubs, and almost all of them are very attractive and unusual. About ten species are actively used in landscape design. Let's take a closer look at the most popular amorphs that can be used in the design of gardens in regions with harsh winters.

The most winter-hardy amorphous species that do not freeze to the soil level are:

1. Shrub amorph (Amorpha fruticosa) Is a shrub with incomparably sticking upward twig-like shoots, which, even in regions with severe winters, easily reaches a height of 2.5 m.The leaves of this amorph are large, up to 30 cm, and consist of an odd number of elliptical leaves decorated with a ciliated edge. When rubbed, the leaves give off the smell of essential oils. It blooms profusely and luxuriantly every year, releasing large blackish inflorescences up to 15 cm long, against the background of small flowers in which yellow stamens stand out brightly. This amorph blooms for almost a month, starting in mid-June. She sets fruits only in September, in warm weather.

In addition to the basic form, varieties are also popular:

  • weeping form of pendula,
  • white-flowered "Albiflora",
  • large-flowered variety of Lewisii,
  • blue-flowered variety 'Coerulea',
  • variety with narrow leaves 'Angustifolia',
  • curly ‘Crispa’,
  • cultivar 'Emarginata' with beautiful oval leaves decorated with a notch at the top,
  • graceful ‘Tennessensis’ with fringed leaves and an elongated bean shape.
Shrub amorph (Amorpha fruticosa). © sonnia hill

2. Amorph dwarf (Amorpha nana) got its name for its modest height, only up to 50 cm. But this crumb seems to be twice as pronounced as the pattern of the leaves, the tier of the crown and the beauty of flowering. Dwarf amorphous branches droop beautifully. The leaves consist of densely spaced oval leaflets-lobes and reach a length of 10 cm. Purple fragrant flowers are collected in inflorescences from 5 to 10 cm long. Curved beans with a short nose are very attractive.

Dwarf amorph (Amorpha nana). © bill.I.am

But the rest of the amorphs, despite freezing, are able to winter under cover. Since these shrubs bloom on the shoots of the current year, they recover quickly, do not be afraid of the low declared winter hardiness: with proper preparation for winter, even the most delicate amorphs will successfully cope with the conditions of the middle lane. In addition to botanical gardens, the species we meet include:

1. The largest amorphous - Amorph paniculata (Amorpha paniculata). Despite freezing, it is restored to its usual height. In comfortable conditions, the plant can grow up to 3 m. The leaves are long, consist of oval lobes, and the inflorescences develop in the form of a lush panicle, and not a dense spikelet.

2. Reaching a height of 2 meters, Amorph nude (Amorpha glabra) seems particularly graceful. Its crown is half the height in diameter, the plant itself seems surprisingly airy, and the foliage is silky.

3. Slightly lower, only up to 1.5 m Amorph herbaceous (Amorpha herbaceae) stands out with a much wider crown, up to 2 times higher than the height. It grows very quickly, forms an airy, ornamental pillow of stunning beauty.

4. Amorph gray (Amorpha canescens) reaches a height of only 1 meter. Its branches are not completely woody, but they are covered with a beautiful silvery edge, and the plant itself seems to be steel. Inflorescences are bluish, very peculiar in shape.

Amorphous herb (Amorpha herbaceae). © scott.zona Nude Amorpha (Amorpha glabra). © William Moye Amorpha paniculata. © ChrisU

Amorph is used in ornamental gardening:

  • as a luxurious shrub for solo parties,
  • as a major focus on flower beds, rabatkas, landscape arrays,
  • in hedges,
  • as a textural accent in modern design,
  • for strengthening the soil, decorating gardens with difficult terrain, creating compositions on slopes,
  • in the design of rockeries and rock gardens, where amorphous brings airy lightness and interesting contrasts,
  • in design with a focus on exotic effects,
  • dwarf amorph is planted in curbs.

The best partners for amorphous are large ornamental cereals, shrub cinquefoil, barberries.

Gray amorph (Amorpha canescens). © Frank Mayfield

Conditions required for amorph

Amorph is considered absolutely undemanding to growing conditions and capable of decorating almost any site with this crop. Indeed, this is a very tenacious shrub species that is not afraid of difficulties. But amorph is grown as an ornamental plant, not only so that it survives, but primarily to decorate ensembles. And in order to reveal all its beauty, at least the minimum characteristics of lighting and soil will still have to be taken care of.

All amorphs are light-loving plants. They grow best in sunny areas, put up with light shading, but prefer bright, if not bright locations in any garden.

It is easy to select soil for amorphous. The main thing is to immediately exclude damp, swampy areas. The plant achieves the greatest decorative effect on at least slightly calcareous or alkaline soil, light in texture, sandy and drained. Sufficient water and air permeability of the soil is also very important, but you can work on it during planting, laying drainage, adding compost, sand, etc. to the soil. The fertility of the soil is not important for amorphous.

The only drawback of amorphous is transplant intolerance. The plant not only requires early planting in a permanent location, but also will not tolerate any transfer to a new location.

Dwarf amorph (Amorpha nana). © Ali Eminov

Features of amorphous care

The amazing graphic shrub will pleasantly surprise you with its loyalty to the "lazy" care program. Amorph practically does not need care, it is one of the most drought-resistant ornamental species and practically does not need additional feeding.

Watering the amorph is actually not needed. She tolerates heat and drought well. With gratitude, the amorph will respond to one or two of these procedures per season during the hottest days, when the lack of precipitation is delayed, all garden plants without exception suffer from the weather. Frequent, and even more so systemic watering, as well as procedures during any small drought, amorphous will not be needed.

It only facilitates the care of the compositions and the garden as a whole, the ability of the amorph to grow virtually without feeding. If it was planted at least in the garden soil of average characteristics, then the amorphous fertilizers will not be needed at all. On depleted soil, after 4-5 years of cultivation in one place, you can begin to carry out a single top dressing per year. For amorphous, it is enough in early spring to apply a portion of full mineral fertilizers or to incorporate organic fertilizers into the soil.

In fact, pruning is the only essential ingredient in caring for this plant. It should have three components:

  1. sanitary pruning, which is carried out every spring, without fail removing old, frozen, damaged shoots,
  2. anti-aging pruning, which is carried out only as needed with signs of depressed growth and poor flowering. During such pruning, cutting is carried out radically, at the root. But even in rejuvenation, the amorph will show outstanding qualities: the shrub will have time to grow and bloom, fully recover in the current year,
  3. removing excess root growth to control overgrowth.
Shrub amorph (Amorpha fruticosa). © m-ursus

Wintering amorph

Unlike other unpretentious perennials, which practically do not need preparation for wintering, the amorph will need special protection. With frosts exceeding -20 degrees, the shoots of the amorph freeze out, and the rhizome suffers. To successfully grow this shrub in the middle lane, the shoots must be bent to the ground for the winter. Before the actual winter shelter, the soil around the shrub must be mulched with a thick layer of peat and dry foliage. Gently bending down the shoots, it is better to cover the amorph on top with dry foliage and spruce branches, and if possible, by air-dry method.

Amorphous pest and disease control

Amorph very rarely gets sick and is even less likely to be affected by pests. It is a great resistant plant that will not cause trouble even with the prevention of fungal infections or aphids.

Amorphous inflorescence. © Bill Harms

Reproduction of amorphous

This delightful plant is easy enough to propagate. Shoots of amorphous plants take root well, bushes produce shoots, and new amorphous plants can be obtained from seeds.

Sowing seeds is carried out only in a high-quality, loose, nutritious substrate and exclusively in spring. For germination, they will need to be pre-soaked for 10-12 hours in warm water, if the seeds are very dry, old ones - scarification in hot water or other methods of similar processing. Sowing is carried out shallow, in moist soil. For germination, they maintain a temperature of about 20 degrees Celsius and constant humidity (the crops are covered with glass or film).

When the seedlings get stronger, several strong leaves will appear, the plants need to be cut into individual containers. The complexity of the seed propagation method is due to the fact that plants cannot be transferred to open soil throughout the year, they must be grown as a pot culture. In May, young seedlings are taken out into the garden, and with the arrival of cold weather they are brought back into the premises, choosing cool, dark and dry rooms. Seedlings can be planted in the soil only next spring. The earlier the planting is carried out, the better (as soon as the soil warms up, the amorph can be transplanted to a permanent place).

The terms of vegetative reproduction are also limited in spring. Young growth can be separated from mature, strong bushes. The root shoots are separated very carefully, trying to minimize harm to the mother plant. The shoots for rooting should not be transplanted: they must be immediately planted in a new, permanent place and a light constant soil moisture must be maintained until growth begins.

Cuttings of amorphs are cut in June, preferably in the first two decades. They take root in the same way as any other shrub - under a hood in high-quality soil, subject to constant moisture. After rooting, the plants are grown in a pot culture, for the first year they are removed for wintering in a dry, dark and cool room. They are planted in the soil in the same way as plants grown from seeds: after warming up the soil in spring.

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Zeanotus varieties

Tseanotus, whose varieties are very diverse, is most often found in Europe and America. This species came to us from there.

Trewithen blue

Blossom in spring. Inflorescences are large and long, bright blue. But no more than 7 cm in length. A 5-year-old plant can reach 6 meters in height.

More unpretentious. It begins to bloom already in the fall. Lives in almost any soil, but is susceptible to attack by small pests. The leaves are emerald green, shiny. The red-root flower is large, bright blue.

It grows only up to 2 m. Blossom in early summer in the form of blue inflorescences with a purple tint. Flowers are as if scattered throughout the shrub, unlike Autumnal Blue, on which the inflorescences bloom with a dense cap.

An evergreen shrub looks more like a full-fledged tree. Grows up to 2 m in height. The inflorescences are very bright and intense purple-blue. The leaves are shiny grayish green.

There is also view of Cascade, which is distinguished by dense flowering. It is perfect for creating a living wall, it braids everything that comes its way with its shoots. Blooms in late spring.

Concha variety characterized by long green leaves and a well-formed crown.

Caring for tseanotus

At first, the sprout will need enhanced feeding and fertilization. As well as abundant watering.

The first year it must be protected from direct sunlight by covering it in the heat. Otherwise, it may burn out.

Pruning

Tseanotus krasnokornnik can do without pruning. But it is necessary for decorative and sometimes even health purposes. Pruning is done 2 times a year, in spring and summer.

Advice. In late spring, after all the flowers have fallen, it is necessary to cut off diseased and rotten shoots. Otherwise, they will ruin the appearance and health of the entire tree.

  • Ceanotus needs to remove spoiled shoots.
  • In the summer, a new growth is cut off, which is shortened by half to accelerate growth. You can also trim up to 2 large buds.

Anti-aging pruning

Anti-aging pruning is performed every 5-6 years, when all the shoots are cut by about 2/3.

So the bush will last a long time and will bloom for 20 years.

Pests

Ceanotus, planting and caring for which does not take much time, feels good in the neighborhood with different varieties. Most varieties are not attacked by pests.

A common ailment is chlorosis, caused by a high content of lime in the soil.

You can get rid of aphids and spider mites using a regular soap solution:

  • To prepare it, you will need a large bar of laundry soap.
  • It is rubbed on a coarse grater and dissolved in 10 liters of warm water.
  • The whole tree is sprayed with this solution. It will help get rid of other small insects as well.

With the invasion of pests on the roots and soil, the plant is removed from the hole.

Everything is treated with a special solution and the bush is returned to its place.

Attention! Unfortunately, even this method cannot guarantee complete recovery. The plant may die.

The Krasnokorennik, planting and caring for which is quite simple, does not like cold winds and frosts. It is better to abandon it if there are cold winters in the region. Otherwise, it will simply die.In a warm region, an ornamental plant can decorate any garden or city square. The main thing is care and concern. Lilacs will look good in a pair.

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